The Culture And History Of Aboriginal Australia

About Aboriginal Culture

Cultural heritage also relates to the connection and the sense of belonging that people have with the landscape with each other. It is believed that Aboriginal Archeology had the cultural practices and heritage as being part of the both past and present which needs to be kept alive in our day to day lives. Cultural heritage management is the process whereby skilled professionals and indigenous knowledge holders seek to preserve the heritage of previous generations.

Culture And History Of Aboriginal Australia

Aboriginal people have been in Australia for more than 50000 years. Because they were surviving by hunting and living together utilizing stone tools, they were similar to that of Paleolithic people of Europe. However, Paleolithic people eventually evolved by developing pottery, agriculture, metals and wheels whereas this Aboriginal tribe remained unchanged for many years. Apparently, this simple lifestyle of the Aboriginal people resulted into few misconceptions i.e. Aboriginal tribes were not so attached with the land and they were culturally uninformed people.

The Archeological work in the Australia has led to the gradual discovery that Aboriginal tribe were here for a long time. The best estimate was given was about a 100 year ago.

Protecting Aboriginal Places And Objects

Protecting Aboriginal_Heritage

The Aboriginal cultural heritage act is administered by the office of Environment and Heritage “OEH” is the primary legislation for the protection of some important aspects of Australian aboriginal cultural heritage. To protect the ancient piece, there is a requirement to hire a company to look after as well as can maintain and preserve the same. Many organizations provide cultural heritage training that  assist companies in understanding what their duty of care is in regards to cultural heritage and the indigenous people of an area.

The reason to ask to step private companies which are very much in trend for this work is government facing fund problems in maintaining so. The company who is also offering aboriginal cultural awareness training program can be a huge benefit. As this training program educates the employees with the information and context for the regions and communities that used to exist. The content taught in the program offers historical information on aboriginal relationships. Heritage consultants are ideally situated within the industry to provide specialist advice to clients around cultural heritage duties of care.

The Simplest Way to Write an Essay

The Simplest Way to Write an Essay

As a college student, I majored in journalism. That means I have a lot of experience in all types of writing. In order to major in a communications-related field, students must take a rigorous schedule of English courses, which means a whole lot of essay writing.

I quickly adapted a method of essay writing, which I believe simplifies and streamlines the process.

What’s the trick? Instead of sitting down and writing an essay, from start to finish, as many students do, it’s much easy (and way less time consuming) to do all of your research beforehand, placing each item into a basic outline.

From there, the outline contains all of the information you need to create your essay and, the essay essentially writes itself.

The only work left will be filler writing to explain your thought processes.

Here’s how you can format your essay outline (Note: the example below has three paragraphs, but additional paragraphs can be added as necessary.):

I. Introduction paragraph:

a. What you’d like to discuss within your introduction paragraph

b. Quotes or references, if any

II. Thesis statement: What’s the main point of your essay? Decide what you want to convey in your essay and put it into words. Your entire essay will revolve around this point, so make sure you’re clear and concise in your phrasing. (This is usually placed near the end of your introduction paragraph.)

III. First paragraph topic that supports your thesis

a. List supporting quotes/references: Find quotes from reputable sources that support what you’ve stated within your thesis and that relate to your first paragraph topic.

IV. Second paragraph topic that supports your thesis

a. List supporting quotes/references: Find quotes from reputable sources that support what you’ve stated within your thesis and that relate to your second paragraph topic.

V. Third paragraph topic that supports your thesis

a. List supporting quotes/references: Find quotes from reputable sources that support what you’ve stated within your thesis and that relate to your third paragraph topic.

VI. Conclusion paragraph: Note what you’d like to say within your conclusion paragraph. Your conclusion paragraph should detail how you are going to unite the topics from your aforementioned topics and weave them together into one solid point. Students commonly mistake a conclusion paragraph as a summary paragraph when, in fact, it’s really an opportunity to drive home your argument. Your conclusion should round out your essay and unite your paragraphs together, solidifying your thesis.

a. Additional quotes or references, if any

VII. List all citations: As you find each quote or reference to include within your essay, make sure to cite each reference, so you won’t have to scramble at the end to go back to your sources to see where you found each quotation. List each citation on your outline so it’s already finished before you even complete your essay. That way, it’s one less thing to worry about.

By following this outline format, the work of your essay is already clearly mapped out ahead of time. You already know what you want to say and how you’re going to say it and you have all of the support to back up each theory.

This method takes the stress out of essay writing because it eliminates guesswork; struggling for the right idea or argument and helps you ensure your thesis is strong. If you’re not able to easily fill out the outline, your thesis isn’t strong or clear enough and your essay topic will likely not be a winner as a result.


4 Reasons to Get to Know Your Lecture Professors

4 Reasons to Get to Know Your Lecture Professors

College classes come in a variety of formats: the seminar, the lab, the studio, the discussion, and the independent study. Many college classes, however, come in one classic format: the lecture.

Sometimes lectures can feel more like on-stage soliloquies, with several hundred students seated in a theatre-style lecture hall and a professor speaking onstage with a microphone at a podium.

You may wonder how you’ll ever make yourself known to the star on stage (your professor) if you’re just another face in their audience.

However, it is possible to get to know your lecture professors, and all it takes is some effort; chat with him or her before or after class, send an email, make a phone call, or visit during office hours. Maintain regular contact with your professor, and before long, they’ll have your face and name associated with one another.

Why take the time and effort to get to know your lecture professors? Read on to find out.

1. Better grades

One of the biggest benefits to getting to know your lecture professors is better grades. More contact with your professor can mean more opportunities to ask them questions about class material, which can boost your performance on exams and assignments.

Yet, being friendly with your lecture professor can also help improve your grades in other situations. For instance, if at the end of the semester you’re on the cusp of an A and B, your professor may translate that extra effort you took to get to know him or her and round up to an A.

2. Inspiration

Believe it or not, professors are people just like anyone else! This means they have a diverse set of personal and professional interests, and many past life experiences. When chatting with a professor, you may find yourself inspired to pick up a new hobby or pursue a new academic area.

Talking with a professor requires the same good social skills any conversation requires: maintain good body posture, use eye contact, be a good listener, and ask good questions. Remember to be appropriate and polite in your language.

3. Internship and job opportunities

College professors are often well connected to internship and job opportunities in their field of specialty. If you find yourself very interested in that same academic and professional area, you can ask your professor more about any possible positions to pursue now or in the future.

Even if you don’t think you’re interested in academically or professionally pursuing your professor’s field of specialty, it’s worth chatting up your lecture professor. Many professors are involved in interdisciplinary research, and asking about possible internship and job opportunities they may know of may open doors to a position in a field you’re more interested in.

4. A lifelong connection

Lecture professors are more than just academic instructors—they can be lifelong academic and professional connections. So, besides opening your eyes to internship and job opportunities, they may be able to help vouch for you when you apply to a position by providing a letter of recommendation or evaluation.

If you do plan on possibly asking a professor for a letter of recommendation or evaluation later down the line, it’s important to keep in regular contact with him or her after the semester ends. Reach out to your professor by visiting, emailing, or calling him or her every so often to check in. If your professor does provide you with a recommendation or evaluation, always remember to thank him or her for doing so.

Erica Cirino is a contributing writer for Varsity Tutors, a live learning platform that connects students with personalized instruction to accelerate academic achievement.


Top 3 Reasons College Students Must Never Skip Classes

Top 3 Reasons College Students Must Never Skip Classes

When a high school student skips class, he or she is likely sent to detention or penalized in some other way. In college, however, things are a little different.

Due to the increased freedom in college, many might think that it doesn’t hurt to skip class every once in a while.

Wrong. While a spaced-out schedule and professors’ lax attendance policies may make it tempting to cut class, that doesn’t mean you should. You’d be amazed to learn how quickly skipping class can turn into a bad habit — a bad habit that can seriously wreck your grades.

Here are three reasons college students must never skip classes and how you can prevent it from becoming a habit:

1. You’ll need to play catch-up

The average college course represents three credit hours, meaning you will spend three hours in class per week. This is in addition to the time you spend studying and completing assignments outside the actual class. So, each time you skip a class — especially if your class only meets once a week — you miss out on a ton of learning time.

If you cut class, you’ll have to spend the same, if not more, time catching up. If your professor posts lectures online, you’ll need to watch them, and if not, you’ll have to go ask a classmate if you can review their notes.

Also, if your professor assigned a project during the class you skipped, you’ll lose time you could have spent thinking about and working on it.

2. You could miss an assignment, pop quiz, or exam

While most of your college class sessions may be lectures, some will involve in-class assignments, quizzes, and exams. These in-class activities cannot usually be made up without a doctor’s note. And since you’re just skipping class, you won’t be excused, and instead you will get a zero. Missing out on these in-class activities — no matter how small they seem — can cause your grades to nosedive.

3. Your professor will probably notice your absence

In small classes, it’s easy for a professor to notice when you’re missing. Even in large lecture classes, some professors require students to sign an attendance sheet, check in with their student ID before class or “click-in” as they follow along in class answering quiz questions with a clicker device. Professors can also tell whether or not you’ve been skipping by checking the number of in-class activities you’ve missed and your performance on exams.

Even though many college professors do not take attendance, there are quite a few ways your professors will catch on and realize you are habitually skipping class. Since most professors grade students on their class participation, that can hurt your grades.

How to prevent the habit before it starts

If you’re trying to eliminate the temptation of skipping class, it can be helpful to focus on changing your frame of mind.

Think of college as an investment: You and/or your family are spending a lot of money for you to get your degree. So every time you skip a class, you’re wasting a good chunk of change.

Another way to change your frame of mind is to simply get excited about going to class. College classes are a great opportunity that not everyone gets! Plan on getting to class early with a classmate. Sit up front in your classes and get engaged, answering questions when your professors ask. This can make it easier to take good notes and help boost your participation grade, increasing your overall grade for the class—and genuinely learning some interesting things along the way!

Erica Cirino is a contributing writer for Varsity Tutors, a live learning platform that connects students with personalized instruction to accelerate academic achievement.


Master Ideas To Make Traveling More Fun

Millions of people from all around the globe put in hard work around the clock and can’t wait to take their vacations. If you’re planning on traveling, this year on your vacation or for any other reasons, read up on some great travel tips you can use on your next trip.

If you rent a car while traveling, request an extra key. In a new place, in a new car, your mind is bound to be occupied with other things. For people who already have a bad time of locking their keys in their vehicle, keeping a spare set on you at all times is a great idea.

Savvy air travelers know not to let delays get to them personally. In modern air travel delays are virtually inevitable. Every frequent flyer will encounter flights that run late, get overbooked, or even get canceled. Passengers can do nothing about these things. What they can do is remember that the airline personnel taking care of them are doing there best to get them to their destinations.

A plastic shoe organizer over your hotel door can keep you organized. It is difficult to stay organized away from home, with little to no storage space except your suitcase. Put an organizer over your bathroom door when you arrive, the kind with the clear pockets is best. You can use it to store your essentials and keep them where it’s easy to locate.

If you are traveling by air, it is vital that you remember to drink enough water. Travel is stressful, and the running around can deplete your body of water. The recirculated air on airplanes and in most airports will further dehydrate you. Buy a refillable water bottle after you go through security to help with hydration.

Whether you are traveling within your own country or going overseas, it is a good idea to follow some basic safety precautions to prevent yourself from becoming a victim of crime. Wearing expensive clothes and jewelry can set you up as a prime target for theft. Carry credit cards or traveler’s checks instead of large amounts of cash. Keep an eye on your luggage, and do not allow strangers to leave packages with you under any circumstances, even momentarily.

No matter where you’re planning on traveling to, you need some great tips to use once you get there. You just never know what kind of troubles you’ll encounter on the drive, on the plane, at the hotel, or at any other stop along your journey. Use the tips above to help you out when traveling.